Policy and markets

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Sack of te Uruguayan rice at the SAMAN rice mill near Treinta y tres, are waiting to be shipped to markets abroad. (Photo: Neil Palmer)

To improve national rice production systems, governments need effective and well-informed rice-based policies and coordinated efforts across the public and private sectors to support rice research, development, and extension.

Effective policies and measures rely on good quality and timely information on farmers’ technology needs, rice ecosystems, yields, input use, rice markets, and prices. IRRI is working towards providing better and more easily available information on these topics to help fine-tune national and regional rice strategies and guide priority settings for investments.

Farm level studies generate knowledge and information on farmers’ needs and can identify policy options that support rapid adoption and diffusion of improved technologies. IRRI collects and analyzes data on household and farm characteristics, household resources, labor, income, perceptions on technology needs, technology adoption patterns and constraints, and farm-level effects of technologies. We also study the needs of male and female rice farmers and others involved in rice production from different socioeconomic groups and the effects of labor-saving technologies on their employment and income.

IRRI seeks to understand the constraints that poor farmers face and to guide research priorities accordingly. We also aim to influence policymakers and other decision makers to improve the functioning of the rice sector and the welfare of the people working in it.

IRRI's work to broaden the impact of rice research is part of the Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP), Theme 5: Technology evaluations, targeting, and policy options for enhanced impact.

geographic variation

Rice information gateway

The global rice information gateway aims to provide real-time crop information, medium-term supply and demand outlook, policy briefs, and comprehensive rice data sets.


Understanding geographic variation is an important aspect of agricultural research for development. As an integrative discipline, geography has particular strengths to maintain simultaneously in focus the technological, environmental, and socioeconomic aspects of agricultural development.

Socioeconomic and gender analysis

A good understanding of farmers' livelihood strategies, and how various factors such as policy, infrastructure, and institutions influence changes in livelihood strategies, are essential in underpinning technology development.

Read our research briefs

Brief summaries of research articles, policies, thesis, reviews, conferences, proceedings, and other in-depth analysis of a particular social science or discipline. Read more


You may also view video playlists related to Policy and markets:


Media releases and news items

Rice Today features

GSR Victoria farmer interview

Farm Household Survey Database

The farm household survey database is a collection of farm level data sets on rice productivity, fertilizer and pesticide use, labor inputs, prices, income, demographics, farm characteristics, and other related data on rice production in farmer's fields.

World Rice Statistics

The World Rice Statistics presents complete data related to rice that include rice production, trade, consumption, inputs, prices, and other related information. These are compiled from international and national sources, as well as personal communications.